## Question: Check Subset [Python Sets]

You are given two sets,Â AÂ andÂ B.

Your job is to find whether setÂ AÂ is a subset of setÂ B.

If setÂ AÂ is subset of setÂ B, printÂ **True**.

If setÂ AÂ is not a subset of setÂ B, printÂ **False**.

**Input Format**

The first line will contain the number of test cases, T.

The first line of each test case contains the number of elements in set A.

The second line of each test case contains the space separated elements of set A.

The third line of each test case contains the number of elements in set B.

The fourth line of each test case contains the space separated elements of set B.

**Constraints**

`0 < T < 21`

`0 < Number of elements in each set < 1001`

**Output Format**

Output **True** or **False** for each test case on separate lines.

**Sample Input**

3

5

1 2 3 5 6

9

9 8 5 6 3 2 1 4 7

1

2

5

3 6 5 4 1

7

1 2 3 5 6 8 9

3

9 8 2

**Sample Output**

True

False

False

**Explanation**

**Test Case 01 Explanation**

Set A = {1 2 3 5 6}

Set B = {9 8 5 6 3 2 1 4 7}

All the elements of set A are elements of set B.

Hence, set A is a subset of set B.

*If you are new to python then I would recommend reading out Python Sets before attempting this question.*

## Possible Solutions

### 1. Using Subset Method

In this solution, we begin by reading the number of test cases. For each test case, we read the number of elements and the elements themselves for two sets using python for loop. We convert these elements into sets of integers. We then use the `issubset`

method to check if the first set is a subset of the second set. Based on the result, we print `True`

if it is a subset and `False`

otherwise. This method uses the `issubset`

method for subset checking.

```
# Read number of test cases
t = int(input())
for _ in range(t):
# Read set A
n = int(input())
set_a = set(map(int, input().split()))
# Read set B
m = int(input())
set_b = set(map(int, input().split()))
# Check if set A is a subset of set B
print(set_a.issubset(set_b))
```

### 2. Using Comparison Operators

In this solution, we start by reading the number of test cases. For each test case, we read the number of elements and the elements themselves for two sets, converting them into sets of integers. We then use the `<=`

operator to check if the first set is a subset of the second set. The result is printed as `True`

if the first set is a subset and `False`

otherwise. This method uses the `<=`

operator for subset checking.

```
# Read number of test cases
t = int(input())
for _ in range(t):
# Read set A
n = int(input())
set_a = set(map(int, input().split()))
# Read set B
m = int(input())
set_b = set(map(int, input().split()))
# Check if set A is a subset of set B
print(set_a <= set_b)
```

### 3. Using For Loop and All Function

In this solution, we begin by reading the number of test cases. For each test case, we read the number of elements and the elements themselves for two sets, converting them into sets of integers. We then use a `for`

loop combined with the `all`

function to check if all elements of the first set are present in the second set. Based on the result, we print `True`

if the first set is a subset and `False`

otherwise. This method uses a `for`

loop and the `all`

function for subset checking.

```
# Read number of test cases
t = int(input())
for _ in range(t):
# Read set A
n = int(input())
set_a = set(map(int, input().split()))
# Read set B
m = int(input())
set_b = set(map(int, input().split()))
# Check if set A is a subset of set B using for loop and all function
is_subset = all(elem in set_b for elem in set_a)
print(is_subset)
```

When we run the code from all three possible solutions on Hacker Rank, the sample Test case is shown as successful:

## Summary

In this tutorial, we explained three possible solutions to solve HackerRank's Python problem on checking if one set is a subset of another. The first solution uses the `issubset`

method to directly check the subset relationship. The second solution employs the `<=`

operator for a concise comparison between sets. The third solution uses a `for`

loop combined with the `all`

function to manually verify if all elements of one set are present in another. Each method demonstrates different Python techniques to efficiently solve the problem.

## Further Reading

Question on Hacker Rank: Python Check Subset [Sets]