Step-by-Step Tutorial: Configure vnc server in RHEL 8 Linux

In this article I will share a step by step guide to configure vnc server in RHEL 8 Linux.

Step-by-Step Tutorial: Configure vnc server in RHEL 8 Linux

 

Xvnc is the X VNC (Virtual Network Computing) server. It is based on a standard X server, but it has a "virtual" screen rather than a physical one. X applications display themselves on it as if it were a normal X display, but they can only be accessed via a VNC viewer. So Xvnc is really two servers in one. To the applications it is an X server, and to the remote VNC users it is a VNC server. By convention we have arranged that the VNC server display number will be the same as the X server display number, which means you can use eg. snoopy:2 to refer to display 2 on machine "snoopy" in both the X world and the VNC world.

 

Configure VNC Server in RHEL 8

The first step to configure VNC Server in RHEL 8 Linux is install tigervnc-server rpm

NOTE:

On RHEL system you must have an active subscription to RHN or you can configure a local offline repository using which "yum" package manager can install the provided rpm and it's dependencies.
[root@rhel8-gui ~]# yum search tigervnc
Updating Subscription Management repositories.
Unable to read consumer identity
This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register.
============================================== Name & Summary Matched: tigervnc ===============================================
tigervnc-server.x86_64 : A TigerVNC server
tigervnc-license.noarch : License of TigerVNC suite
tigervnc-server-minimal.x86_64 : A minimal installation of TigerVNC server

Now to install vnc server in RHEL 8 execute below command. This will install tigervnc-server and any required dependency rpm

[root@rhel8-gui ~]# yum install tigervnc-server

Create below directory structure under root home directory

[root@rhel8-gui ~]# mkdir -p ~/.config/systemd/user

Next copy /usr/lib/systemd/user/vncserver@.service to root user's home directory under ~/.config/systemd/user/

[root@rhel8-gui ~]# cp /usr/lib/systemd/user/vncserver@.service ~/.config/systemd/user/

[root@rhel8-gui user]# ls -l
total 8
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 Sep 14 19:55 default.target.wants
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1853 Sep 11 11:34 vncserver@.service

Now we must reload the systemd daemon to refresh the systemd configuration

[root@rhel8-gui ~]# systemctl --user daemon-reload

Set vncpasswd for root user

[root@rhel8-gui ~]# vncpasswd
Password:
Verify:
Would you like to enter a view-only password (y/n)? n
A view-only password is not used

Since we do not need a view-only password hence I pressed "n"

Now we are all done with the steps to configure vnc server in RHEL 8. So let us start the vncserver service

[root@rhel8-gui ~]# systemctl --user enable vncserver@:2.service --now
Created symlink /root/.config/systemd/user/default.target.wants/vncserver@:2.service → /root/.config/systemd/user/vncserver@.service.

Here we have used :2 as the display ID for our vncserver

Check if the vncserver service has started successfully

[root@rhel8-gui ~]# systemctl --user status vncserver@:2.service
● vncserver@:2.service - Remote desktop service (VNC)
   Loaded: loaded (/root/.config/systemd/user/vncserver@.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
   Active: active (running) since Sat 2019-09-14 19:48:21 IST; 29min ago
    Tasks: 222 (limit: 25023)
   Memory: 420.0M
   CGroup: /user.slice/user-0.slice/user@0.service/vncserver.slice/vncserver@:2.service
           ├─2537 /usr/bin/Xvnc :2 -auth /root/.Xauthority -desktop rhel8-gui.example:2 (root) -fp catalogue:/etc/X11/fontpath>
           ├─2545 /bin/sh /root/.vnc/xstartup
           ├─2546 /usr/libexec/gnome-session-binary
           ├─2555 dbus-launch --sh-syntax --exit-with-session
           ├─2556 /usr/bin/dbus-daemon --syslog --fork --print-pid 7 --print-address 9 --session
           ├─2567 /usr/bin/ssh-agent /etc/X11/xinit/Xclients
           ├─2580 /usr/libexec/at-spi-bus-launcher
           ├─2585 /usr/bin/dbus-daemon --config-file=/usr/share/defaults/at-spi2/accessibility.conf --nofork --print-address 3
           ├─2590 /usr/libexec/at-spi2-registryd --use-gnome-session
           ├─2591 /usr/libexec/gvfsd
           ├─2598 /usr/libexec/gvfsd-fuse /run/user/0/gvfs -f -o big_writes
           ├─2621 /usr/bin/gnome-keyring-daemon --start --components=pkcs11
           ├─2633 /usr/bin/gnome-shell
           ├─2646 ibus-daemon --xim --panel disable
           ├─2651 /usr/libexec/ibus-dconf
           ├─2652 /usr/libexec/xdg-permission-store
<Output trimmed>

Check if the service is enabled to come up after boot

[root@rhel8-gui ~]# systemctl --user is-enabled vncserver@:2.service
enabled

Enable user lingering. If enabled for a specific user, a user manager is spawned for the user at boot and kept around after logouts. This allows users who are not logged in to run long-running services.

[root@rhel8-gui ~]# loginctl enable-linger

We are all done with the steps to configure vnc server in RHEL 8. Now you can try to connect to your RHEL 8 server using vnc viewer.

I am using vnc viewer installed on my Windows laptop to connect to the vnc server. As you see I am able to connect to my vnc server now using display ID ":2"

Step by Step Tutorial to configure vnc server in RHEL 8 Linux

 

Lastly I hope the steps from the article to configure vnc server in RHEL 8 Linux was helpful. So, let me know your suggestions and feedback using the comment section.

 

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