Table of Contents
What is Memcached?
In this tutorial we will cover the steps to install Memcached on Rocky Linux 9. But before we start with the actual installation steps, let learn little bit about Memcached.
Memcached is a free and open source(Licensed under the Revised BSD license) high performance distributed memory object caching system.
Designed to speed up dynamic web applications by easing the database load. Its simple design provides rapid deployment, ease of development and solves many of the problems faced by big data caches. Memcached runs on Unix-like operating systems (Linux and macOS) and on Microsoft Windows. It depends on the libevent library.
Memcached is now used by many other systems, including YouTube, Reddit, Facebook, Pinterest, Twitter, Wikipedia, and OpenStack. Its API is available for most popular languages and applications. For example, Google Cloud Platform, Microsoft Azure and Amazon Web Services offer Memcached service via an API.
After this information, let's move on to "How to install and configure Memcached on Rocky Linux 9".
We will explain the installation of Memcached with 2 methods.
- In the first method, we will install the version available in the Rocky Linux 9 repositories.
- Then, in the second method, we will install it by compiling it from the source code.
Method-1: Install Memcached from Default Package Repository
Step-1 Installing Memcached
Start the installation by running the following command in the terminal:
[foc@rocky9 ~]$ sudo dnf install memcached -y
That's it for the installation, let's check the version:
[foc@rocky9 ~]$ memcached --version memcached 1.6.9
Step-2 Start and Enable Memcached Service
After installing Memcached, the service is in a stop state. Start it with the following command:
[foc@rocky9 ~]$ sudo systemctl start memcached
Then let's bring it in the enable command to restart the service after reboot:
[foc@rocky9 ~]$ sudo systemctl enable memcached Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/memcached.service → /usr/lib/systemd/system/memcached.service.
Step-3 Add Firewall Rules for Memcached
Enter the firewall rules for port 11211:
[foc@rocky9 ~]$ sudo firewall-cmd --add-port=11211/tcp --zone=public --permanent success [foc@rocky9 ~]$ sudo firewall-cmd --reload success
We now have access to Memcached when we control access from localhost:
[foc@rocky9 ~]$ telnet localhost 11211 Trying ::1... Connected to localhost. Escape character is '^]'.
Step-4: Configure Memcached
You can customize the memcached service by changing the /etc/sysconfig/memcached file:
[foc@rocky9 ~]$ sudo nano /etc/sysconfig/memcached PORT="11211" USER="memcached" MAXCONN="1024" CACHESIZE="64" OPTIONS="-l 0.0.0.0,::1" #OPTIONS="-l 127.0.0.1,::1"
Restart the service for the changes to take effect:
[foc@rocky9 ~]$ sudo systemctl restart memcached
Method-2: Install Memcached from Official Source
Step-1 Install Depedencies
Install the packages required for installation into the system:
[foc@rocky9 ~]$ sudo dnf install -y wget nano tar gcc libevent libevent-devel
Step-2 Download source package
Copy the link of the version you want to install from its official address and write it after the wget command:
[foc@rocky9 tmp]$ wget https://memcached.org/files/memcached-1.6.17.tar.gz
Or just download the latest version to download the latest version:
[foc@rocky9 ~]$ wget https://memcached.org/latest --2022-09-23 20:42:01-- https://memcached.org/latest Resolving memcached.org (memcached.org)... 18.104.22.168 Connecting to memcached.org (memcached.org)|22.214.171.124|:443... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 302 Moved Temporarily Location: https://www.memcached.org/files/memcached-1.6.17.tar.gz [following] --2022-09-23 20:42:03-- https://www.memcached.org/files/memcached-1.6.17.tar.gz Resolving www.memcached.org (www.memcached.org)... 126.96.36.199 Connecting to www.memcached.org (www.memcached.org)|188.8.131.52|:443... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 1713186 (1.6M) [application/octet-stream] Saving to: ‘latest’ latest 100%[=============================>] 1.63M 15.7KB/s in 2m 20s 2022-09-23 20:44:27 (11.9 KB/s) - ‘latest’ saved [1713186/1713186]
Then extract it from the compressed file:
[foc@rocky9 ~]$ tar -zxf latest
In the last case you will have a memcached directory which also indicates the version:
[foc@rocky9 ~]$ ls -l total 1680 -rw-r--r--. 1 foc foc 1713186 Aug 27 03:37 latest drwxr-xr-x. 7 foc foc 4096 Aug 27 03:37 memcached-1.6.17
Finally move this directory under opt:
[foc@rocky9 ~]$ sudo mv memcached-1.6.17 /opt
Step-3 Build Memcached Package
For build go under opt/memcached-1.6.17 directory:
[foc@rocky9 ~]$ cd /opt/memcached-1.6.17/
Then follow the steps below in order for the build:
[foc@rocky9 memcached-1.6.17]$ sudo ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/memcached checking build system type... x86_64-pc-linux-gnu checking host system type... x86_64-pc-linux-gnu checking for a BSD-compatible install... /bin/install -c ... checking that generated files are newer than configure... done configure: creating ./config.status config.status: creating Makefile config.status: creating doc/Makefile config.status: creating config.h config.status: executing depfiles commands
[foc@rocky9 memcached-1.6.17]$ sudo make
Execute Make Install:
[foc@rocky9 memcached-1.6.17]$ sudo make install
Build completed successfully. Installed version:
[foc@rocky9 memcached-1.6.17]$ ./configure --version memcached configure 1.6.17 generated by GNU Autoconf 2.71 Copyright (C) 2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
You can configure your applications and systems to use Memcached under this directory.
Using memcached from source code can be cumbersome. If the version in the repository is sufficient, we recommend you to install it with the first method.
You can get local help with the following command in package installation from the repository:
[foc@rocky9 memcached-1.6.17]$ memcached --help
In the second method, the following command will help:
[foc@rocky9 memcached-1.6.17]$ ./configure --help
memcached.org - Downloads
Github.com - Install Memcached