Table of Contents
In this tutorial I will share step by step instruction to install vlc player in CentOS 8 Linux. VLC is one of the most used media player across different platforms. One of the reasons I think it is so popular is because of the supported formats. It supports most of the common video formats at least which I have used. The steps to install vlc is actually also available on the official page of VideoLAN (VLC). But the steps are very brief and may confuse beginners hence I will explain the steps with examples.
You must have a graphical environment to be able to use vlc media player. If you have installed CentOS 8 in CLI mode, no worries. You can install GNOME desktop on your Linux server to enable graphical environment for your Linux server
Verify Internet Connectivity
Your CentOS 8 server must have access to internet connection as we will perform download and install using the Linux server. I am using my Oracle VirtualBox to setup a CentOS 8 server which is configured with bridged network to enable internet connection.
If you are planning to install VLC player on physical server then make sure you setup DNS server properly which is required to have internet access. There are various methods to check if you are connected to internet, the most basic way is to ping any web address such as
# ping -c 2 -q google.com PING google.com (188.8.131.52) 56(84) bytes of data. --- google.com ping statistics --- 2 packets transmitted, 2 received, 0% packet loss, time 3ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 69.481/70.812/72.143/1.331 ms
Here, the packet loss was 0% for 2 packets which we sent so my server has internet access.
Create Normal user
VLC media player cannot be used with root access so you must have a normal user in your environment. You can create a normal user (if you don't have already) by using
# useradd <user>
For example: to create a new user "
# useradd deepak
To assign a password to user
# passwd deepak
This command will prompt the user to provide the password for user "
1. Install EPEL Repository
The vlc player itself is actually part of RPM Fusion repository but the vlc player requires. We would need access to certain dependency rpms which are part of EPEL repository. This is an add-on repository which we use on top of RHEL/CentOS release.
To install epel repository
# dnf -y install epel-release
HINT: I hope you are aware that dnf supersedes yum starting RHEL/CentOS 8. So we will use
dnf for all the package management activities
This will create epel repository files inside
# ls -l /etc/yum.repos.d/epel* -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1167 May 10 12:38 /etc/yum.repos.d/epel-modular.repo -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1249 May 10 12:38 /etc/yum.repos.d/epel-playground.repo -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1104 Dec 18 2019 /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1266 Dec 18 2019 /etc/yum.repos.d/epel-testing-modular.repo -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1203 May 10 12:37 /etc/yum.repos.d/epel-testing.repo
Out of all these repos, only one of the repo would be enabled by default i.e.
epel.repo and all others would be in disabled state
2. Install RPM Fusion repository
Next we must install RPM fusion repository package which will place
rpmfusion repository files inside
/etc/yum.repos.d/. To install rpm fusion repository for CentOS 8, use:
# dnf -y install https://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/el/rpmfusion-free-release-8.noarch.rpm
This should create below repo files under
# ls -k /etc/yum.repos.d/rpmfusion-free-updates* -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1026 Jan 29 2019 /etc/yum.repos.d/rpmfusion-free-updates.repo -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1098 Jan 29 2019 /etc/yum.repos.d/rpmfusion-free-updates-testing.repo
Once successfully installed, verify the enabled repos list
# dnf repolist Last metadata expiration check: 0:00:59 ago on Tue 28 Jul 2020 03:17:29 PM IST. repo id repo name status AppStream CentOS-8 - AppStream 4,933 BaseOS CentOS-8 - Base 1,673 PowerTools CentOS-8 - PowerTools 1,442 *epel Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 8 - x86_64 6,117 extras CentOS-8 - Extras 21 rpmfusion-free-updates RPM Fusion for EL 8 - Free - Updates 191
So both our repos, epel and rpmfusion are enabled
3. Install VLC Player on CentOS 8
Next we will install vlc player using
dnf. Since we don't know the proper naming syntax, we will search for this string in our repositories
# dnf search vlc Last metadata expiration check: 0:00:42 ago on Tue 28 Jul 2020 03:17:29 PM IST. =================================================================== Name Exactly Matched: vlc ============ vlc.x86_64 : The cross-platform open-source multimedia framework, player and server ================================================================== Summary & Name Matched: vlc =========== vlc-core.x86_64 : VLC media player core vlc-devel.x86_64 : Development files for vlc vlc-extras.x86_64 : VLC media player with extras modules
So the very first rpm matches vlc i.e. vlc.x86_64 so we must use this name to install the vlc player media
Let's try again:
# dnf install vlc.x86_64 -y
And now the install was successful, it installed a bunch of rpm and dependencies.
# rpm -q vlc vlc-3.0.11-1.el8.x86_64
Set VLC as default video application
Next you can choose to set VLC as your default video player. I assume you are already connected to the graphical console of your CentOS 8 server
Click on Activities and search for "Default Applications"
Next under "Video" you can choose "VLC media player"
Access VLC Player
We are all set to use our VLC media player. Click on Activities → Show Applications and select VLC
Or alternatively you can just search for VLC under Activities
Accept the Policy and now you can start using your VLC media Player
4. Install VLC Core Media Player
This is required only if you wish to use VLC media player in command line mode. With vlc core, only minimal headless vlc player will be installed which cannot be used in graphical mode.
# dnf -y install vlc-core.x86_64 # rpm -q vlc-core vlc-core-3.0.11-1.el8.x86_64
Next to access
vlc-core we will execute vlc from the command line. You can use
$ vlc --help
to get the complete list of supported arguments.
I will play a mp3 song using vlc in the command line
$ vlc file:///tmp/my_song.mp3
5. Update VLC Media Player
it is possible VideoLAN will release timely updates and patches so to update the VLC media player you can use
# dnf -y update vlc.x86_64
Similarly to update vlc-core package you can use
# dnf -y update vlc-core.x86_64
In this tutorial we learned about installation guide on VLC Media Player in CentOS 8 server for both graphical and command line usage. For most use cases I would prefer vlc media player for graphical purpose but it depends on individual's requirement and choice to choose either option. The setup of vlc player is wuite simple and easy, you just need to follow the instrutctions.
Lastly I hope the steps from the article to install vlc player on Linux was helpful. So, let me know your suggestions and feedback using the comment section.