Java DecimalFormat Explained [Practical Examples]

Introduction to Java DecimalFormat

The java DecimalFormat class is used to apply decimal formats that are user-defined, to apply java DecimalFormat we use the class java.text.DecimalFormat. Sometimes the decimal patterns printed by float or decimal may seem unprofessional or may add unnecessary digits after the decimal, to avoid this situation we use DecimalFormat class.

This class is used to edit text, user can mold the resultant output in any way wanted.

Advertisement

 

Importing javaDecimalFormat class

To use Java DecimalFormat we import the class java.text.DecimalFormat.

import this class for java decimalformat

 

How to declare a pattern

We create DecimalFormat object and pass it the required pattern, the decimal, string, or integer value that needs to be changed into that particular format calls the format function of the class DecimalFormat.

package javaDecimalFormat;

//import the java decimalformat class
import java.text.DecimalFormat;
public class DecimalFormatClass {
  public static void main(String[] args) {

    //initialise a string with the desired decimal format
    String format = "#,###,###";

    //an object of DecimalFormat is created and we passed the desired pattern string in the constructor call.
    DecimalFormat DecimalFormatObject = new DecimalFormat(format);

    //a double variable initialised to which we apply the format.
    double checkDouble = 1234131;

    //the output will show the answer with required pattern.
    System.out.println("The output of the following format will be" + DecimalFormatObject.format(checkDouble));
  }
}

Output of the following code will be

The output of the following format will be1,234,131.

As the output shows, the value given is in the format that we declared. Similarly, we can provide a certain decimal points count, if we want the answer to be precise and rounded off to our desired decimal points, we can use java DecimalFormat.

package javaDecimalFormat;

// import the java decimalformat class
import java.text.DecimalFormat;
public class DecimalFormatClass {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    double checkDouble = 1234131.00 / 123222131.132;
    System.out.println("the format of the above example will be " + checkDouble);
  }
}

 

Output of the following code is

the format of the above example will be 0.010015497935820914

This output seems rough and has no format whatsoever, to fix this we can use decimal format.

Advertisement
package javaDecimalFormat;

// import the java class to implement decimal format
import java.text.DecimalFormat;
public class DecimalFormatClass {
  public static void main(String[] args) {

    // initialise a string with the desired decimal format
    String format = "0.000";

    // an object of DecimalFormat is created and we passed the desired pattern string in the constructor call.
    DecimalFormat DecimalFormatObject = new DecimalFormat(format);

    // a double variable initialised to which we apply the format.
    double checkDouble = 1234131.00 / 123222131.132;

    // the output will show the answer with required pattern.
    System.out.println("the format of the above example will be " + DecimalFormatObject.format(checkDouble));
  }
}

Output of the same code now will be

the format of the above example will be 0.010

The answer is rounded off to three decimal points.

By default java decimal format symbols are listed below:

SymbolsRepresentation
.decimal
,grouping
Eexponential
;differentiate formats
%percentage
-negative

 

Declaring a Java DecimalFormat using ApplyPattern

We can use the applyPattern function to apply any pattern initialized. The apply pattern function is used to apply the format that we initialized, it applies to all of the code.

package javaDecimalFormat;

// import the java class to implement decimal format
import java.text.DecimalFormat;
public class DecimalFormatClass {
  public static void main(String[] args) {

    // initialise a string with the desired decimal format
    String format = "#,###,###";

    // an object of DecimalFormat is created and we passed the desired pattern string in the constructor call.
    DecimalFormat DecimalFormatObject = new DecimalFormat(format);

    // Apply the pattern
    DecimalFormatObject.applyPattern(format);

    // a double variable initialised to which we apply the format.
    double checkDouble = 1234131;

    // the output will show the answer with required pattern.
    System.out.println(DecimalFormatObject.format(checkDouble));
  }
}

 

How to set a locale decimal format using DecimalFormat.Locale

We can specify a locale for DecimalFormat.Locale

The Locale is used to specify the format locale, as to which locale should be used for the given format.

package javaDecimalFormat;
// import the java decimalformat class
import java.text.DecimalFormat;
import java.text.DecimalFormatSymbols;
import java.text.NumberFormat;
import java.text.ParseException;
import java.util.Locale;
public class DecimalFormatClass {
  public static void main(String[] args) throws ParseException {

    // declaring a locale object to specify the local 
    needed.initialised with french locale.
    Locale localeInit = new Locale("fr", "UK");

    // string to show the pattern
    String pattern = "###.###";

    // the decimalformat object formed in which the locale is passed.
    DecimalFormat decimalFormat = (DecimalFormat) NumberFormat.getNumberInstance(localeInit);

    // this method applies the pattern according to the string in which we specified pattern
    decimalFormat.applyPattern(pattern);
    String format = decimalFormat.format(532.42334332432);
    System.out.println("The format of this specific number will be :" + format);
  }
}

The output of the following code is

The format of this specific number will be :532,42

The French locale is given.

Advertisement

 

Group data using Grouping Size 

Java DecimalFormat has a function setGroupingSize(int), which is used to declare grouping size in a format

package javaDecimalFormat;

// import the java decimalformat class
import java.text.DecimalFormat;
import java.text.DecimalFormatSymbols;
import java.text.NumberFormat;
import java.text.ParseException;
import java.util.Locale;
public class DecimalFormatClass {
  public static void main(String[] args) throws ParseException {

    // declaring a locale object to specify the local needed.initialised with french locale.
    Locale localeInit = new Locale("fr", "UK");

    // string to show the pattern
    String pattern = "###.###";

    // the decimalformat object formed in which the locale is passed.
    DecimalFormat decimalFormat = (DecimalFormat) NumberFormat.getNumberInstance(localeInit);

    // this method applies the pattern according to the string in which we specified pattern
    decimalFormat.applyPattern(pattern);
    String format = decimalFormat.format(532.42334332432);
    System.out.println("the format of this specific number will be :" + format);

  }

}

Output of the following code will be

the format of this specific number will be :53,24,2

Since the grouping size is set to 2 so a comma will be placed after every 2 digits.

 

Using different Decimal Format Symbols to format data

Another major functionality of java DecimalFormat is the decimalFormatSymbols

  • setDecimalSeperator(): This function sets any symbol to represent a decimal point.
  • setGroupingSeperator(): This functions sets any symbol to represent a grouping symbol.
  • setCurrency(): This function sets the number to any desired currency.
  • setDigit(): This function is used to represent the digit in a format.
  • setExponentSeperator(): This function is used to represent an exponent in a format.
  • setInfinity(): This function is used to represent infinity in a format.
  • setNaN(): This function is used to represent an error.
  • setPercent(): This function is used to represent percentage in a format.
  • setZeroDigit(): This function is used to represent a zero digit in a format.

 

Code Implementation of different Decimal Format Symbols

The following code shows implementation of all the functions mentioned above

package javaDecimalFormat;
// import the java decimalfromat class
import java.text.DecimalFormat;
// import java decimalformat symbols
import java.text.DecimalFormatSymbols;
import java.text.NumberFormat;
import java.text.ParseException;
// import currency
import java.util.Currency;
// import locale
import java.util.Locale;
public class DecimalFormatClass {
  // main
  public static void main(String[] args) throws ParseException {

    // setting french locale
    Locale localeInit = new Locale("fr", "UK");

    // object for symbols
    DecimalFormatSymbols decimalSymbol = new DecimalFormatSymbols(localeInit);

    // the point where decimal occurs, @ will apear
    decimalSymbol.setDecimalSeparator('@');

    // the point where grouping seperator occurs, $ will 
    appear
    decimalSymbol.setGroupingSeparator('$');

    // set an exponent seperator as e
    decimalSymbol.setExponentSeparator("e");

    // set infinity as inf
    decimalSymbol.setInfinity("inf");

    // set digit is w
    decimalSymbol.setDigit('w');

    // setZero digit to a
    decimalSymbol.setZeroDigit('a');

    // set currency to canadian french.
    decimalSymbol.setCurrency(Currency.getInstance(Locale.CANADA_FRENCH));

    // setting pattern
    String pattern = "#,##,###.00";

    // make a decimal format instance
    DecimalFormat decimalFormat = new DecimalFormat(pattern, decimalSymbol);

    // set the grouping size to 2
    decimalFormat.setGroupingSize(2);

    // set number
    String number = decimalFormat.format(342128.234221);

    // output shows the currency set
    System.out.println("The currency is : " + decimalFormat.getCurrency());

    // number after all the formating
    System.out.println("the number is " + number);
  }
}

The output of the following code will be:

The currency is : CAD

the number is 34$21$28@23

 

Practice code

Implement the following code on your editor i.e. Eclipse, IntelliJ, Netbeans, etc, and check its output but first dry run the code and then check its output

package javaDecimalFormat;
// import the java class to implement decimal format
import java.text.DecimalFormat;

// import java decimal format symbols
import java.text.DecimalFormatSymbols;
import java.text.NumberFormat;
import java.text.ParseException;

// import currency
import java.util.Currency;

// import locale
import java.util.Locale;
public class DecimalFormatClass {
  // main
  public static void main(String[] args) throws ParseException {

    DecimalFormatSymbols decimalSymbol = new DecimalFormatSymbols(Locale.CHINESE);
    decimalSymbol.setDecimalSeparator('-');
    decimalSymbol.setGroupingSeparator('!');
    decimalSymbol.setExponentSeparator("E");
    decimalSymbol.setInfinity("infinity");
    decimalSymbol.setDigit('1');
    decimalSymbol.setCurrency(Currency.getInstance(Locale.CANADA_FRENCH));
    String pattern = "###,##,###";

    // make a decimal format instance
    DecimalFormat decimalFormat = new DecimalFormat(pattern, decimalSymbol);
    decimalFormat.setGroupingSize(4);
    String number = decimalFormat.format(342128.234221);

    // output shows the currency set
    System.out.println("The currency is : " + decimalFormat.getCurrency());

    // WRITE THE OUTPUT OF THE CODE
    System.out.println("the number is " + number);
  }
}

 

Summary

We have studied how java DecimalFormat allows users to create desirable format, everything can be set accordingly, separators like decimal grouping exponential can be represented by the users choice of symbol, the datatypes like double, float are rounded off to decimal points of choice. By applying formats.

Advertisement

 

Further Reading

For further reading check these links.
java decimalformat
customizing formats

 

Didn't find what you were looking for? Perform a quick search across GoLinuxCloud

If my articles on GoLinuxCloud has helped you, kindly consider buying me a coffee as a token of appreciation.

Buy GoLinuxCloud a Coffee

For any other feedbacks or questions you can either use the comments section or contact me form.

Thank You for your support!!

Leave a Comment

X