How to use special characters in jQuery? [SOLVED]


Written By - Olorunfemi Akinlua
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Introduction

In jQuery, special characters are characters that have a specific meaning or function within the jQuery syntax. These characters include the dollar sign ($), the at symbol (@), the period (.), and the square brackets ([ and ]).

 

Use $ character

The dollar sign ($) is used in jQuery to indicate that a string is a selector, which is used to select elements in the DOM. For example, the following code uses the dollar sign to indicate that the string "p" is a selector that selects all the "p" elements in the document:

$("p")

 

Use @ character

The at symbol (@) is used in jQuery to access an attribute of an element. For example, the following code uses the at symbol to access the "src" attribute of an image element:

$("img").attr("src")

 

Use period character

The period (.) is used in jQuery to access a property or method of an object. For example, the following code uses the period to access the "length" property of an array:

let myArray = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];
console.log(myArray.length);

Output

5

 

Use square brackets character

The square brackets ([ and ]) are used in jQuery to access an element in an array or an object using its key or index. For example, the following code uses square brackets to access the second element in an array:

let myArray = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];
console.log(myArray[1]);

Output

1

Special characters are an important part of the jQuery syntax, and they are used to perform a variety of tasks in jQuery. In order to use these characters correctly, it's important to understand their specific meanings and functions within the jQuery syntax.

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Escaping special characters in jQuery

When working with special characters in jQuery, you may sometimes need to escape or encode the characters to ensure that they are treated as literal characters rather than as part of the jQuery syntax. For example, if you want to use a dollar sign ($) as a literal character in a string, you will need to escape or encode the character to prevent it from being treated as a selector.

To escape or encode special characters in jQuery, you can use the \\ escape character. This escape character tells jQuery to treat the character that follows it as a literal character rather than as part of the jQuery syntax. For example, the following code uses the \\ escape character to use a dollar sign ($) as a literal character in a string:

"\\\\$"

In this example, the \\ escape character is used to escape the dollar sign, so that it is treated as a literal character rather than as part of the jQuery syntax.

Another option for encoding special characters in jQuery is to use the encodeURIComponent method, which encodes a string so that it can be safely used in a URL. This method can be useful for encoding special characters in URLs or other strings that are used in jQuery. For example, the following code uses the encodeURIComponent method to encode a string containing a dollar sign ($) and an at symbol (@):

let myString = "abc$def@ghi";
let encodedString = encodeURIComponent(myString); 

console.log(encodedString);

Output

abc%24def%40ghi

In this example, the encodeURIComponent method is used to encode the string "abc$def@ghi", resulting in an encoded string of abc%24def%40ghi.

 

Summary

Special characters are an important part of the jQuery syntax, and they are used to perform a variety of tasks in jQuery. When working with special characters in jQuery, you may sometimes need to escape or encode the characters to ensure that they are treated as literal characters rather than as part of the jQuery syntax. You can use the \\ escape character or the encodeURIComponent method to encode special characters in jQuery.

 

References

encodeURIComponent() - JavaScript | MDN (mozilla.org)

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