[SOLVED] Mount multiple K8 secrets to same directory

In this tutorial we will cover different examples to mount multiple Kubernetes secrets to the same directory using volumes and volumeMounts.

Normally if you don't follow the procedure properly, then you may end up overwriting the current directory content with the newly mounted secrets.

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Method-1: Mount multiple secrets on same directory

Here we have created 2 Kubernetes secrets using following YAML file (secret.yaml). Here each K8 secret has a single key value pair.

apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: db-secret-usr
  namespace: dummy
type: Opaque
data:
    username: dXNlcjE=
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: db-secret-pwd
  namespace: dummy
type: Opaque
data:
    password: UGFzc3cwcmQK
---

We will mount both of these secrets on /etc/profile.d path on our pod using the following test-pod.yaml file. Here we are not using subPath so that the secrets can support runtime update, i.e. if you modify the content of these secrets later (once the secrets are created) then the changes will be immediately visible inside the Pod.

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: test-pod
  namespace: dummy
spec:
  containers:
  - name: main
    image: docker-registry:8090/customsql:latest
    command: ["supervisord", "-c", "/etc/supervisord.conf"]
    securityContext:
      runAsUser: 1025
      privileged: false
      allowPrivilegeEscalation: false
    volumeMounts:
    - name: db-user
      mountPath: /etc/profile.d/dbuser
    - name: db-password
      mountPath: /etc/profile.d/dbpassword

  volumes:
  - name: db-user
    secret:
      secretName: db-secret-usr
  - name: db-password
    secret:
      secretName: db-secret-pwd

Let's create the secret and the pod:

# kubectl create -f secret.yaml 
secret/db-secret-usr created
secret/db-secret-pwd created

# kubectl create -f test-pod.yaml 
pod/test-pod created

Verify that the pod is created and Running:

# kubectl get po -n dummy
NAME                 READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
test-pod             1/1     Running   0          21s

Next connect to the pod and make sure both our secrets are mounted on the same volume path without impacting existing content:

]# kubectl exec -it test-pod -n dummy -- bash

[SOLVED] Mount multiple K8 secrets to same directory

As you can see, the secrets are properly mounted as symbolic links. This as I mentioned earlier is to support runtime secret update.

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Method-2: Mount multiple keys from the secret on same directory

Here we will create a single secret with 2 key value pairs as shown in the below secret.yaml file:

apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: db-credentials
  namespace: dummy
type: Opaque
data:
    username: dXNlcjEK
    password: UGFzc3cwcmQK
---

Now we will mount both these keys on the same volume path i.e. /etc/profile.d under different files using below test-pod.yaml file:

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: test-pod
  namespace: dummy
spec:
  containers:
  - name: main
    image: docker-registry:8090/customsql:latest
    command: ["supervisord", "-c", "/etc/supervisord.conf"]
    securityContext:
      runAsUser: 1025
      privileged: false
      allowPrivilegeEscalation: false
    volumeMounts:
    - name: db-user
      mountPath: /etc/profile.d

  volumes:
  - name: db-user
    secret:
      secretName: db-credentials
      items:
      - key: username
        path: dbusername
      - key: password
        path: dbpassword

Here, as you can see we have defined items section with the key and path field:

The username key from db-credentials secret is available to the container at the path /etc/profile.d/dbusername instead of at /etc/profile.d/username. Similarly, the password key from db-credentials secret will be mounted at /etc/profile.d/dbusername instead of at /etc/profile.d/password.

Let's create our pod and verify the same:

]# kubectl create -f test-pod.yaml 
pod/test-pod created

Make sure it is UP and Running:

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]# kubectl get po -n dummy
NAME                 READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
test-pod             1/1     Running   0          7s

Next, connect to the pod and verify the mount points:

]# kubectl exec -it test-pod -n dummy -- bash

[SOLVED] Mount multiple K8 secrets to same directory

As expected, our secret keys are mounted on the same volume path under /etc/profile.d.

With this approach also if you make any changes to your secrets, the changes will be visible inside the container without any pod restart.

 

Method-3: Mount multiple secrets on same volume path using projected volumes

Projected volumes can be used to mount secrets, configmaps, serviceAccountToken and downwardAPI. Here we will create 2 secrets with each secret having 2 keys i.e. username and password using below secret.yaml file:

apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: db-credentials
  namespace: dummy
type: Opaque
data:
    username: dXNlcjEK
    password: UGFzc3cwcmQK
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: app-credentials
  namespace: dummy
type: Opaque
data:
    username: dXNlcjEK
    password: UGFzc3cwcmQK
---

Now we will mount these secrets to /etc/secrets using Kubernetes projected volume. In my case, /etc/secrets folder doesn't exist and it will get created runtime once the pod is created. So you don't have to worry about creating parent directory.

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: test-pod
  namespace: dummy
spec:
  containers:
  - name: main
    image: docker-registry:8090/customsql:latest
    command: ["supervisord", "-c", "/etc/supervisord.conf"]
    securityContext:
      runAsUser: 1025
      privileged: false
      allowPrivilegeEscalation: false
    volumeMounts:
    - name: all-secrets
      mountPath: /etc/secrets

  volumes:
  - name: all-secrets
    projected:
      sources:
      - secret:
          name: db-credentials
          items:
            - key: username
              path: dbusername
            - key: password
              path: dbpassword
      - secret:
          name: app-credentials
          items:
            - key: username
              path: appusername
            - key: password
              path: apppassword

Let's go ahead and create these secrets and pod:

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]# kubectl create -f secret.yaml 
secret/db-credentials created
secret/app-credentials created

]# kubectl create -f test-pod.yaml 
pod/test-pod created

Make sure the pod is UP and Running

]# kubectl get pods -n dummy
NAME                 READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
test-pod             1/1     Running   0          4s

Next connect to the pod and verify the mounted secrets:

]# kubectl exec -it test-pod -n dummy -- bash

[SOLVED] Mount multiple K8 secrets to same directory

As expected, all our secrets are mounted under the same volume path i.e. /etc/secrets. All secrets mounted with this method will support runtime updates without any pod or container restart

 

Method-4: Mount Kubernetes secrets using subPath on same directory

We also have an option to use subPath to define the filename to be used while mounting the secret. Here we will create a secret using a file with the following content:

# cat /tmp/credentials.sh 
username=user1
password-Passw0rd

We will use kubectl command to create the secret in our namespace:

# kubectl create secret generic db-credentials --from-file=credentials.sh=/tmp/credentials.sh -n dummy
secret/db-credentials created

Next let's update our test-pod.yaml file to mount this secret using subPath:

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apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: test-pod
  namespace: dummy
spec:
  containers:
  - name: main
    image: docker-registry:8090/customsql:latest
    command: ["supervisord", "-c", "/etc/supervisord.conf"]
    securityContext:
      runAsUser: 1025
      privileged: false
      allowPrivilegeEscalation: false
    volumeMounts:
    - name: secret1
      mountPath: /etc/secrets1/credentials.sh
      subPath: credentials.sh

  volumes:
  - name: secret1
    secret:
      secretName: db-credentials

Here we have used subPath to mount our secret under /etc/profile.d/credentials.sh file. We use subPath so that we don't overwrite the content of existing directories where the secret is getting mounted. But the same be also achieved using items and key combination which we used in previous examples.

Let's create the pod and make sure it is UP and Running:

# kubectl create -f test-pod.yaml 
pod/test-pod created

Connect to the pod and verify the secrets:

# kubectl exec -it test-pod -n dummy -- bash

[SOLVED] Mount multiple K8 secrets to same directory

The downside of using this method is that the secrets mounted with subPath cannot be updated runtime and would require a container or pod restart to update the secret value. I have already written another detailed article covering the difference between mountPath and subPath in Kubernetes.

 

Summary

In this tutorial we covered multiple ways to mount kubernetes secrets using volume and volumeMounts on a single PATH. There are many ways to access Kubernetes secrets, such as you can also create environment variables and mount them to containers as env variables. But we do some times face issues when there are multiple secrets to be mounted on the same path. In such cases we see issues such as the existing content of the directory gets overwritten or sometimes the secret is mounted as symbolic link instead of file.

 

References

Kubernetes Secrets

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