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This article is about how to generate GPS coordinates using python. Python is a vast language that supports many APIs and libraries and finding GPS coordinates is one of the applications pythons provides.
Before you get into the code of how to generate GPS coordinates using python, you first need to check if the latest python version is installed in your system or not. To check that, type the following command into your windows command line terminal
The output must be something like this
If the command line does not recognize python in your system, you need to download it from the website. After installation, you are good to go.
How to generate GPS coordinates using python by using urllib?
In this section, we will learn How to generate GPS coordinates using python by using a python library urllib.
First of all install geopy using the following command on your terminal
pip install urllib
To know that the library is successfully installed, the following output must be shown on the terminal
Collecting urllib3 Downloading urllib3-1.26.10-py2.py3-none-any.whl (139 kB) ━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━ 139.2/139.2 kB 588.8 kB/s eta 0:00:00 Installing collected packages: urllib3 Successfully installed urllib3-1.26.10
You can also download this package from GitHub, make sure that the latest version is installed.
Then use the following approach to generate GPS coordinates using python
- Import urllib urlopen
- Use the URL “http://ipinfo.io/json” to get the current address.
- Load the data
- Extract the latitude and longitude lines.
The code will be as follows
# get gps coordinates from geopy import json # import urlopen from urllib.request from urllib.request import urlopen # open following url to get ipaddress urlopen("http://ipinfo.io/json") # load data into array data = json.load(urlopen("http://ipinfo.io/json")) # extract lattitude lat = data['loc'].split(',') # extract longitude lon = data['loc'].split(',') print(lat, lon)
The output of this code is
How to get GPS coordinates from python using geopy?
We can get GPS coordinates from python using geopy if the location is provided. The location can be provided using Nominatim from geopy and then latitude and longitude can be extracted.
First of all download the geopy library by writing the following command on your terminal
pip install geopy
To know if the library is successfully installed or not, the following output will be shown on the terminal.
Collecting geopy Using cached geopy-2.2.0-py3-none-any.whl (118 kB) Requirement already satisfied: geographiclib<2,>=1.49 in c:\users\azka\appdata\local\programs\python\python310\lib\site-packages (from geopy) (1.52) Installing collected packages: geopy Successfully installed geopy-2.2.0
This package can also be installed using the GitHub link, for that the following command will be written on the terminal
pip install git+https://github.com/geopy/geopy
Get the location and then extract the GPS coordinates.
The approach used here is
- Get the geolocator using Nominatim.
- And get geocode of the address given.
- The geocode is used to extract latitude and longitude information.
- You can either pass the address information yourself or get the location via a URL opener.
- In this code, we provided the information ourselves.
The code will be as follows
#generate gps coordinates using python from geopy.geocoders import Nominatim import pandas as pd #get the coordinates of the address def get_coordinates(address): geolocator = Nominatim(user_agent="myapplication") location = geolocator.geocode(address) return location.latitude, location.longitude # print the coordinates of the address def print_coordinates(address): lat, lon = get_coordinates(address) print("Latitude: ", lat) print("Longitude: ", lon) get_coordinates("1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, CA") print_coordinates("1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, CA")
The output of this code is :
Latitude: 37.42248575 Longitude: -122.08558456613565
In this article, we have learned two ways how to generate GPS coordinates using python. The first way is to get an IP address using a URL opener to open the address link and extract the information. Another way is to use geopy library and extract the information of the address provided to it.