How to clear all timeouts in JavaScript? [SOLVED]

Timeout errors can be frustrating and difficult to debug. In this article, we'll show you how to clear all timeouts in JavaScript. We will provide the appropriate method for doing so.

 

Creating Timeouts using setTimeout

To create timeouts or wait for a code, we can make use of the setTimeout method. The setTimeout method takes two main parameters - code, delay - to execute your code after a set time. The code parameter (a function that could be anonymous) is required, but the delay parameter is optional (and the default value is 0). We can have other additional parameters which are passed through to the function that we passed.

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setTimeout(code, delay, arg1, ..., argN)

We will create a simple setTimeout code to allow us to showcase how to clear all timeouts.

let timeoutID = setTimeout(
    (user) => {
        console.log(`${user}, please provide your ID.`);
    },
    2000,
    "Jacob"
);

Output

Jacob, please provide your ID.

Now, how do we cancel or clear all timeouts? By using the clearTimeout method.

 

Clear All Timeouts using clearTimeout

To cancel out or clear all timeouts created by the setTimeout, we need the clearTimeout method which only takes one parameter - timeoutID - which is the setTimeout identifier. In the above section where we created a simple timeout, the setTimeout identifier is timeoutID, the binding name.

So, if we want to clear out the timeout from the previous section, we will pass the binding name of the timeout to the clearTimeout method.

let timeoutID = setTimeout(
    (user) => {
        console.log(`${user}, please provide your ID.`);
    },
    2000,
    "Jacob"
);

clearTimeout(timeoutID);

Output

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Yes, nothing will be outputted because the timeout has been canceled (and therefore, the setTImeout will not be executed.

Note that if you don’t bind (or attach a variable name) to the setTImeout, you can’t make use of the clearTimeout. In addition, if you pass the wrong identifier, you will not get an error, and the timeout will still exist.

 

Summary

To clear all timeouts in JavaScript, you need the clearTimeout function and the binding name for the setTimeout method operation. With this, the code within the setTimeout method will not run and should be used based on the condition. Also, remember to bind the setTImeout operations unless you will not be able to clear their timeout operations.

 

References

clearTimeout() - Web APIs | MDN (mozilla.org)

 

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