Install deb package on Kali Linux [4 Methods]

Introduction - Install DEB package on Kali Linux

There are two ways you can use to install software on your Kali Linux system. You can use the Terminal method, where you will use the apt package manager or other distribution-independent package platforms like Snap, AppImage, and FlatPak. The other way is downloading the installer file (usually the .deb file) and installing it on your system.

Installing Deb files on Debian-based distributions like Ubuntu and Debian distribution can be easy since these operating systems come with the software centre. The software centre is a utility where users can find, download and install software graphically. When you have a .deb file, you will right-click on the file and select the option "install with software centre. "Unfortunately, Kali Linux doesn't have the software centre installed by default, and you will have to install the .deb file using the Terminal. Luckily, it's not hard as you would think.

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This post will give you a detailed guide to installing .deb files on Kali Linux. Let's dive in.

 

Method-1: Install DEB package with DPKG

DPKG is a command-line tool used to install, build, remove and manage Debian packages on Linux systems. It comes with various options, which you can view by running the command:

dpkg --help

To install a package with dpkg, launch the Terminal and use the cd command to navigate to the file's location and install it with the syntax below.

In our case, we will install the VSCode.deb file. VSCode is a powerful IDE developed by Microsoft and includes support for different languages like Python, Java, C++, JavaScript, and more

cd Downloads
sudo dpkg -i vscode.deb
sudo apt install -f

Sample Output:
Install deb package on Kali Linux [4 Methods]

You will notice that we have an additional command sudo apt install -f.

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That's because when you use dpkg to install a package on Linux, it will check your system for all the dependencies required to install and run the software. If even a single dependency is not satisfied (which is the case most of the time), the package is left in an "unconfigured" state and considered broken.

The apt install -f command tries to install any of the missing dependencies. When you read the apt man page, you will see the -f parameter stands for --fix-broken.

-f, --fix-broken
           Fix; attempt to correct a system with broken dependencies in place.

 

Method-2: Install DEB package With DPKG

Alternatively, you can avoid any dependency errors by first checking for the dependencies required by the package and install them first; You can do so by executing the command below.

sudo dpkg -I vscode.deb

Sample Output:
Install deb package on Kali Linux [4 Methods]

That will list all the dependencies required to install the vscode.deb file. You can now install these dependencies using the apt command shown below:

sudo apt-get install [dependency] name

After installing all the required dependencies, proceed to install the deb file with the command below.

sudo dpkg -i vscode.deb

 

Method-3: Install DEB Files With APT Package Manager

Other than DPKG, you can also use the apt command to install deb files on your Kali Linux system. However, this method works in every unique way and requires one to have an active internet connection. That's because apt first makes a list of all the required dependencies and installs them from the repository. When done, it calls the dpkg utility and uses it to install the file. Therefore, the apt method uses dpkg under the hood.

To install a package with apt, launch the Terminal and use the cd command to the file's directory and use the syntax below to install the file.

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cd Downloads
sudo apt install ./vscode.deb

Sample Output:
Install deb package on Kali Linux [4 Methods]

 

Method-4: Install DEB Files With GDEBI

GDEBI is a command-line utility that enables you to install deb files smoothly by proper handling of dependencies. We say "smooth installation" because dpkg can be pretty aggressive at times when installing specific packages.

For example, when I tried installing the skype deb file with dpkg, it attempted to remove 96 packages, including system libraries necessary for running other tools and software. GDEBI works similarly to the apt command. It will first install all the required dependencies before installing the deb package.

GDEBI does not come pre-installed in Kali Linux. To install it, use the command below:

sudo apt install gdebi-core

Sample Output:
Install deb package on Kali Linux [4 Methods]

Once done, proceed to install the deb package with the syntax below.

cd Downloads
sudo gdebi vscode.deb

Sample Output:
Install deb package on Kali Linux [4 Methods]

 

Conclusion

That's it! I believe you now have three ways you can use to install a deb file on your Kali Linux system. If you have an active internet connection, I highly advise you to use the apt install ./<package_name> method or gdebi. However, if you don't have internet access, use the dpkg -i command, which does not install any required libraries. But if you encounter any error, you will need to run apt install -f to install any missing dependencies, which requires internet access. Feel free to hit the comments below in case you come across any challenges.

 

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