JavaScript Math max() Method

Introduction to JavScript math max() method

Comparison is at the heart of “almost” everything we do, and with numerical values, they are needed to carry out certain operations. We need to know the maximum or the minimum value within a sequence or series of numbers for certain applications.

Say, we need to know what value was the highest or smallest within our dataset, we need a function or method that does just that. Luckily for us, JavaScript provides a Math object that allows us to achieve this, and more specifically, we can find the highest or largest value using the Math max method.


In this article, we will discuss ways to use the JavaScript Math max method


Using the Math max() method

As stated earlier, the Math.max() method returns the largest of the series of numbers that are passed as an argument. Using the Math max method, we can try three approaches - normal arguments, the reduce method and the spread operator - to make use of the Math max method.


Using normal arguments

We can pass all the numbers we want to compare to the Math.max method to find the highest or largest value among them

console.log(Math.max(12, 3, 4, 5, 67, 321, 121212));



Though this is simple, it can be unrealistic when dealing with a large set of numbers probably stored within an array, and that’s where the spread operator comes in.


Using the spread operator

The spread operator allows expanding all the elements of an iterable such as an array as arguments to functions. So, with these, we can pass all the elements of the array to the Math.max function.

const arr = [
    12, 34, 56, 7, 121, 12212, 12, 2345, 34565, 454, 343, 3432, 778, 454,

const highElement = Math.max(...arr);




Using reduce method

The reduce method is a higher-order function that takes a callback function that works on each element where an operation is done in relation to the preceding element to result in a single value. So in our case, the operation that will be done will be the Math.max() method call.

To illustrate, we will apply the Math.max() method on the current element and its preceding element by find the highest value between the two values via the reduce method till we return the highest across all the elements in the array.

const arr = [
    12, 34, 56, 7, 121, 12212, 12, 2345, 34565, 454, 343, 3432, 778, 454,
const max = arr.reduce((a, b) => Math.max(a, b));



So, instead of using the spread operator, we use the reduce method to apply the Math.max() method on two numbers (the preceding highest element, and the current element) at a time. Note that at the start of the reduce method, the preceding element is -Infinity which is considered the lowest number automatically (we can define it in our expression statement but it’s optional).



The Math.max method is a good JavaScript method that allows us to find the highest or largest number value among a series of numeric values and can be approached by using the parameters, the spread operator, and the reduce method.



Math.max() - JavaScript | MDN (
Spread syntax (...) - JavaScript | MDN (
Array.prototype.reduce() - JavaScript | MDN (


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