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Question: Python String Split and Join
In Python, a string can be split on a delimiter.
>>> a = "this is a string" >>> a = a.split(" ") # a is converted to a list of strings. >>> print a ['this', 'is', 'a', 'string']
Joining a string is simple:
>>> a = "-".join(a) >>> print a this-is-a-string
You are given a string. Split the string on a " " (space) delimiter and join using a - hyphen.
split_and_join function in the editor below.
split_and_join has the following parameters:
- string line: a string of space-separated words
string: the resulting string
One line contains a string consisting of space-separated words.
this is a string
Now, let us solve the problem using possible solutions. The following code is already given in the editor of the hacker rank website.
def split_and_join(line): # write your code here if __name__ == '__main__': line = input() result = split_and_join(line) print(result)
Let us now move toward the solutions:
Solution-1: Using join and split function
Let us now use the join and split methods to solve the problem:
def split_and_join(line): return "-".join(line.split()) if __name__ == '__main__': line = input() result = split_and_join(line) print(result)
This code defines a function called "
split_and_join" that takes in a string (called "
line") as its input. Inside the function, the string is first split on the whitespace characters using the "
split()" method. This returns a list of substrings, with each substring being a word in the original string. Then, the "
join()" method is called on the string "
-", and this is used to join the elements of the list of substrings with the "
-" character in between them. Finally, the modified string is returned by the function. If the script is run directly, it prompts the user to input a string, assigns the user's input to the variable "
line", then calls the "
split_and_join" function on "
line" and assigns the result to the variable "
result", which is then printed to the console.
Solution-2: Alternative way
Let us now modify the above code and solve the problem:
def split_and_join(line): # write your code here a = line b = a.split(" ") return "-".join(b) if __name__ == '__main__': line = input() result = split_and_join(line) print(result)
This code is similar to the previous one, but with a small difference in the implementation of the "
split_and_join" function. In this version, the string is split using the "
split()" method, but with an explicit argument " " (a space character) passed to it, instead of using the default behavior of splitting on whitespace characters. This means that in this version, the function will only split the input string on space characters, and not on any other whitespace characters such as tabs or newlines. The rest of the code is the same as before, where the output of the "
split()" method is passed as an argument to the "
join()" method, which joins the elements in the list with a "
-" character. The final output is the same as before, which is the original string with "
-" in between the words.
Let us now solve the problem using the
def split_and_join(line): line=line.replace(' ','-') # write your code here return line if __name__ == '__main__': line = input() result = split_and_join(line) print(result)
Similar to the previous solutions, this solution also defines a function called "
split_and_join" that takes in a single input "
line" and replaces all spaces in the input with dashes using the string method "
replace()". The modified input is then returned by the function. When the code is run as a standalone script (as determined by the if
name == 'main': block), it prompts the user to input a line, assigns the input to the variable "
line", calls the "
split_and_join" function with "line" as the input and assigns the returned value to the variable "
result". The final line of the script then prints the value of "result".
In summary, the code takes a string input from the user and replaces all spaces in the input with dashes and prints the modified input.
In this short article, we discussed how we can solve the string split and join problem on hacker rank. We solved the problem using three different solutions.