How to PROPERLY use git remote add? [SOLVED]


Deepak Prasad

GIT

git remote add is a Git command that is used to add a new remote repository to your local Git repository. A remote repository is a Git repository that is hosted on a remote server and can be accessed by multiple developers. By adding a remote repository, you can collaborate with other developers and share your code with them.

To use git remote add, you need to specify the name of the remote repository and its URL. The name is a local alias that you can use to refer to the remote repository, while the URL is the address of the remote repository.

Once you've added a remote repository, you can use Git commands like git push and git pull to interact with the remote repository. For example, you can push your changes to the remote repository using git push <remote-name> <branch-name>, or pull changes from the remote repository using git pull <remote-name> <branch-name>.

You can also specify additional options when using git remote add, such as the branch that you want to track or the push URL for the remote repository. These options allow you to customize how your local repository interacts with the remote repository.

 

How git remote add works?

  1. Create a new repository on your Git hosting service. For example, if you are using GitHub, you can create a new repository by clicking on the "New repository" button on your dashboard.
  2. Copy the URL of the new repository. For example, if you are using GitHub, the URL will be in the format https://github.com/username/repo.git.
  3. Open a terminal window and navigate to the directory that you want to initialize as a Git repository. For example, if you want to create a new Git repository in the directory /home/user/myproject, you would run the command cd /home/user/myproject.
  4. Run the command git init to initialize the directory as a new Git repository.
  5. Run the command git remote add origin <url> to add the new remote repository as the origin. Replace <url> with the URL of the new repository that you copied earlier.
  6. Run the command git add . to add all the files in the directory to the staging area.
  7. Run the command git commit -m "Initial commit" to commit the changes.
  8. Finally, run the command git push -u origin master to push the changes to the new remote repository on the master branch.

 

Setting up the lab environment

To practice how git remote add function works, you will prepare a lab environment to run the experiments. I have created a repository on GitLab which I will be using in this tutorial

How to PROPERLY use git remote add? [SOLVED]

Here I have created two branch i.e. main and test branch.

 

Syntax to use git remote add command

The syntax for using git remote add is as follows:

git remote add <name> <url>

Here, <name> is the name of the remote repository that you want to add, and <url> is the URL of the remote repository. The name can be any string that you choose, but it should be meaningful and easy to remember.

For example, if you want to add a remote repository named "origin" with the URL "git@github.com:username/repo.git", you would use the following command:

git remote add origin git@github.com:username/repo.git

This command adds the remote repository named "origin" to your local repository's configuration and sets the URL to "git@github.com:username/repo.git".

You can also specify additional options when using git remote add. For example, you can use the -t option to specify the branch that you want to track on the remote repository:

git remote add origin git@github.com:username/repo.git -t master

This command adds the remote repository named "origin" to your local repository's configuration, sets the URL to "git@github.com:username/repo.git", and specifies that you want to track the "master" branch on the remote repository.

 

Detailed steps to add remote repository

Pre-requisite - Initialize Git Repository

If you are starting on a fresh Linux or Windows server where git is not initialized and you attempt to add remote git server, then you will get:

fatal: Not a git repository (or any of the parent directories): .git

In such cases you first need to initialize a new Git repository in that directory using the git init command.

Navigate to your directory where you plan to add the remote git repo. Assuming you plan to add repo inside /opt/deepak then:

cd /opt/deepak

Initialize a new Git repository in the directory using the git init command:

git init

 

Step-1: Get Remote Git URL

Get the URL of the repository, in my case it is git@gitlab.com:golinuxcloud/git_examples.git. You can get this information under Clone button as shown below:

How to PROPERLY use git remote add? [SOLVED]

 

Step-2: Add Remote Repo

You can navigate to the root directory of the local Git repository using the cd command in the terminal. Once you are in the correct directory, you can execute the git remote add command with the correct syntax to add the remote repository. For example, to add a remote repository named "origin" with the URL "git@gitlab.com:golinuxcloud/git_examples.git", you can use the following command:

# git remote add git_examples git@gitlab.com:golinuxcloud/git_examples.git

 

Step-3: Verify Remote Repo

Verify that the remote repository has been added by using the git remote -v command. This will display a list of all the remote repositories that have been added to the local Git repository.

# git remote -v
git_examples git@gitlab.com:golinuxcloud/git_examples.git (fetch)
git_examples git@gitlab.com:golinuxcloud/git_examples.git (push)

 

Step-4: Pull changes from branch

You can now use git pull along with your branch name to pull the changes from respective branch:

# git pull git_examples test
remote: Enumerating objects: 4, done.
remote: Counting objects: 100% (4/4), done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (2/2), done.
remote: Total 3 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 0
Unpacking objects: 100% (3/3), done.
From gitlab.com:golinuxcloud/git_examples
 * branch            test       -> FETCH_HEAD
Updating a6b2526..308e153
Fast-forward
 file1 | 1 +
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)
 create mode 100644 file1

 

git remote add vs git remote set-url

Both git remote add and git remote set-url are Git commands used to manage remote repositories. However, they are used for different purposes.

The git remote add command is used to add a new remote repository to the local Git repository. This command creates a new remote reference in the local repository's configuration, pointing to the specified URL. If the remote reference already exists, it will be updated with the new URL.

The git remote set-url command, on the other hand, is used to change the URL of an existing remote repository. This command updates the URL of the remote reference in the local repository's configuration, allowing you to switch the remote repository to a different URL.

Here is an example to illustrate the difference between the two commands:

In the previous section, we added a remote repository "git_examples" which was pointing to git@gitlab.com:golinuxcloud/git_examples.git. Now if you want to change the URL of the "git_examples" remote repository to git@gitlab.com:golinuxcloud/new_git_examples.git

# git remote set-url git_examples git@gitlab.com:golinuxcloud/new_git_examples.git

# git remote -v
git_examples git@gitlab.com:golinuxcloud/new_git_examples.git (fetch)
git_examples git@gitlab.com:golinuxcloud/new_git_examples.git (push)

This command updates the URL of the "git_examples" remote reference in the local repository's configuration to the specified URL, allowing you to switch the remote repository to a different URL.

 

How to rename your remote repository

To rename your remote you will use the git remote rename <old-remote> <new remote> command.

Run the command git remote -v to view a list of all the remote repositories that are currently configured for your local repository.

# git remote -v
git_examples git@gitlab.com:golinuxcloud/new_git_examples.git (fetch)
git_examples git@gitlab.com:golinuxcloud/new_git_examples.git (push)

Identify the remote repository that you want to rename and note down its current name.

Run the command git remote rename <old-name> <new-name> to rename the remote repository. Replace <old-name> with the current name of the remote repository and <new-name> with the new name that you want to assign to the repository.

# git remote rename git_examples new_git_examples

Verify that the remote repository has been renamed by running the command git remote -v again. The new name should now be displayed instead of the old name.

# git remote -v
new_git_examples git@gitlab.com:golinuxcloud/new_git_examples.git (fetch)
new_git_examples git@gitlab.com:golinuxcloud/new_git_examples.git (push)

If you have any local branches that were tracking the old name of the remote repository, you will need to update them to track the new name.

To do this, run the command git branch -vv to view a list of all the local branches and their tracking information. Identify any branches that are tracking the old name of the remote repository and run the command git branch --set-upstream-to=<new-name>/<branch-name> to update the branch to track the new name of the remote repository.

Replace <branch-name> with the name of the branch that you want to update.

 

How to delete remote repository

To erase a remote you will use the git remote remove <remote-name> or git remote rm <remote-name> command.

First, let's display the remotes as shown below:

$ git remote -v
m_remote        https://github.com/Josephine-Techie/git-tester.git (fetch)
m_remote        https://github.com/Josephine-Techie/git-tester.git (push)
myremote        https://github.com/Josephine-Techie/remote-add-demo.git (fetch)
myremote        https://github.com/Josephine-Techie/remote-add-demo.git (push)
origin  https://github.com/Josephine-Techie/remote-add-demo.git (fetch)
origin  https://github.com/Josephine-Techie/remote-add-demo.git (push)

In this example, we will remove remote m_remote from the active repo remote-add-demo as follows:

$ git remote remove m_remote


$ git remote -v
myremote        https://github.com/Josephine-Techie/remote-add-demo.git (fetch)
myremote        https://github.com/Josephine-Techie/remote-add-demo.git (push)
origin  https://github.com/Josephine-Techie/remote-add-demo.git (fetch)
origin  https://github.com/Josephine-Techie/remote-add-demo.git (push)

Remote m_remote has been erased from the list of remotes as displayed in the above output. NOTE that this operation erases the tracking remote as well from the remote repository.

 

Summary

In summary, git remote add is a Git command that is used to add a new remote repository to your local Git repository. This command is commonly used when you want to collaborate with others by sharing your code on a Git hosting service like GitHub or GitLab.

The basic syntax for the git remote add command is as follows: git remote add <name> <url>. The <name> parameter specifies a name for the remote repository, and the <url> parameter specifies the URL of the remote repository.

You can also use git remote add to add additional remote repositories to your local Git repository, or to change the URL of an existing remote repository.

To rename a remote repository, you can use the git remote rename command. This command is useful if you want to change the name of a remote repository that you are currently working with.

 

Further Reading

Manage git remote repositories

 

Views: 93

Deepak Prasad

He is the founder of GoLinuxCloud and brings over a decade of expertise in Linux, Python, Go, Laravel, DevOps, Kubernetes, Git, Shell scripting, OpenShift, AWS, Networking, and Security. With extensive experience, he excels in various domains, from development to DevOps, Networking, and Security, ensuring robust and efficient solutions for diverse projects. You can reach out to him on his LinkedIn profile or join on Facebook page.

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