Table of Contents
Introduction to dmidecode command
dmidecode is a tool that reads the data from the DMI table and prints it in a human-readable format. dmidecode is also called Desktop Management Interface table decoder. The DMI table contains details of the system's hardware components such as serial numbers, BIOS version, memory, processor, etc. You can use
dmidecode command in any Linux system like Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Debian, RHEL, CentOS, and Fedora.
Different examples to use dmidecode command
You will need root privileges to execute the
dmidecode command. The general syntax of
dmidecode command is:
$ sudo dmidecode [option]
dmidecode command is successfully executed, it prints the following details in the output.
- Handle: It is a unique identifier that allows records to reference each other.
Type: It provides information about computer elements such as system, baseboard, chassis, processor, etc. A number value denotes each element. For example, if the type is
0, it means that the record contains BIOS information.
- Size: It shows the size of each record. Each record contains a 4-byte header (2 for the handle, 1 for the type, 1 for the size). The record data uses the rest.
- Decoded values: It contains the information depending on the type of record. The BIOS information includes details of the vendor, version, release date, ROM size, etc.
The following are DMI types and their respective information.
Type Information -------------------------------------------- 0 BIOS 1 System 2 Baseboard 3 Chassis 4 Processor 5 Memory Controller 6 Memory Module 7 Cache 8 Port Connector 9 System Slots 10 On Board Devices 11 OEM Strings 12 System Configuration Options 13 BIOS Language 14 Group Associations 15 System Event Log 16 Physical Memory Array 17 Memory Device 18 32-bit Memory Error 19 Memory Array Mapped Address 20 Memory Device Mapped Address 21 Built-in Pointing Device 22 Portable Battery 23 System Reset 24 Hardware Security 25 System Power Controls 26 Voltage Probe 27 Cooling Device 28 Temperature Probe 29 Electrical Current Probe 30 Out-of-band Remote Access31 Boot Integrity Services 32 System Boot 33 64-bit Memory Error 34 Management Device 35 Management Device Component 36 Management Device Threshold Data 37 Memory Channel 38 IPMI Device 39 Power Supply 40 Additional Information 41 Onboard Devices Extended Information 42 Management Controller Host Interface
In this article, we will learn how to use
dmidecode command to get information about hardware components in Linux systems.
1. Read memory from device file using dmidecode command
--dev-mem option is used to read memory from the device file. The default file is /dev/mem.
$ sudo dmidecode -d FILE
$ sudo dmidecode --dev-mem FILE
2. List available TYPE with dmidecode command
TYPE can be either a DMI type number, or a comma-separated list of type numbers, or a keyword from the following list: bios, system, baseboard, chassis, processor, memory, cache, connector, slot.
You can just hit
dmidecode --type without any TYPE and it should give you the list of supported TYPEs
# dmidecode --type dmidecode: option '--type' requires an argument Type number or keyword expected Valid type keywords are: bios system baseboard chassis processor memory cache connector slot
3. Mapping DMI Type with Type ID
You can check the man page of dmidecode command to get the mapping ID of individual DMI Type. Here is a sample output:
Keyword Types ------------------------------ bios 0, 13 system 1, 12, 15, 23, 32 baseboard 2, 10, 41 chassis 3 processor 4 memory 5, 6, 16, 17 cache 7 connector 8 slot 9
Going forward we can either use the keyword or the Type ID with
dmidecode --type [KEYWORD|ID] to get more information for the respective component.
4. Display the information using Type ID with dmidecode command
In the previous section we got the TYPE ID of individual supported TYPEs. You can use
--type option with the type ID to get more information for that component. It displays the information of specified DMI type. If type ID is not provided or not valid, it prints the list of valid keywords and exits with an error.
$ sudo dmidecode -t type_ID
$ sudo dmidecode --type type_ID
For Example, to get information about the system cassis we will use Type ID as 3:
5. Display system information using TYPE Keyword with dmidecode command
In the previous section we used TYPE ID with dmidecode command, you can also use keywords instead of type ID.
$ sudo dmidecode -t keyword
# dmidecode --type=memory # dmidecode 3.2 Getting SMBIOS data from sysfs. SMBIOS 2.8 present. Handle 0x1000, DMI type 16, 23 bytes Physical Memory Array Location: Other Use: System Memory Error Correction Type: Multi-bit ECC Maximum Capacity: 60 GB Error Information Handle: Not Provided Number Of Devices: 4 Handle 0x1100, DMI type 17, 40 bytes Memory Device Array Handle: 0x1000 Error Information Handle: Not Provided Total Width: Unknown Data Width: Unknown Size: 16384 MB Form Factor: DIMM Set: None Locator: DIMM 0 Bank Locator: Not Specified Type: RAM Type Detail: Other Speed: Unknown Manufacturer: Red Hat Serial Number: Not Specified Asset Tag: Not Specified Part Number: Not Specified Rank: Unknown Configured Memory Speed: Unknown Minimum Voltage: Unknown Maximum Voltage: Unknown Configured Voltage: Unknown ...
6. Display the information about BIOS with dmidecode command
The following command displays the BIOS information of your system.
$ sudo dmidecode -t bios
$ sudo dmidecode --type bios
7. dmidecode command to print the system information
You can use this command to get information about the system's manufacturer, product name, version, and serial number.
$ sudo dmidecode -t system
$ sudo dmidecode --type system
8. Display the baseboard information with dmidecode command
With the following command, you can get the baseboard information of the system.
$ sudo dmidecode -t baseboard
$ sudo dmidecode --type baseboard
9. dmidecode command to get the information about chassis
To get the information about chassis, you can run the following command.
$ sudo dmidecode -t chassis
10. dmidecode command to display the information using DMI string keywords
You can use
--string option to display the information using DMI string keywords. If keyword is not provided or not valid, it prints the list of valid keywords and exits with an error.
Following are the valid string keywords:
bios-vendor bios-version bios-release-date system-manufacturer system-product-name system-version system-serial-number system-uuid system-family baseboard-manufacturer baseboard-product-name baseboard-version baseboard-serial-number baseboard-asset-tag chassis-manufacturer chassis-type chassis-version chassis-serial-number chassis-asset-tag processor-family processor-manufacturer processor-version processor-frequency
$ sudo dmidecode -s KEYWORD
$ sudo dmidecode --string KEYWORD
11. Get BIOS version using dmidecode command
We can utilise the
bios-version string using
dmidecode --string bios-version to get the BIOS version of any Linux system:
# dmidecode --string bios-version 1.11.0-2.el7
12. Get BIOS Release Date using dmidecode command
We can utilise the bios-release-date string using dmidecode --string bios-release-date command to get the BIOS release date of any Linux server:
# dmidecode --string bios-release-date 04/01/2014 # dmidecode --string bios-release-date 05/21/2018
13. Get System Product Name of Linux Hardware with dmidecode command
We can utilise the
system-product-name string and can be used as
dmidecode --string system-product-name to get the product name on which the Linux server is installed:
# dmidecode --string system-product-name ProLiant BL460c Gen9 # dmidecode --string system-product-name OpenStack Compute
14. Get serial number of your Linux hardware using dmidecode command
We can utilise the system-serial-number string and can be used as dmidecode --string system-serial-number to get the serial number of the hardware on which Linux server is installed:
# dmidecode --string system-serial-number SGH709S309 # dmidecode --string system-serial-number 5f7dfa83-de5a-43a4-a8c1-87be1d4a92a8
15. Get processor information of your Linux hardware with dmidecode command
You can utilise the
processor-version to get the details of the processor available on your Linux server. If your server is having more than one processor then the following command may result in more than one result:
# dmidecode --string processor-version Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2640 v3 @ 2.60GHz Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2640 v3 @ 2.60GHz # dmidecode --string processor-version RHEL 7.6.0 PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996) RHEL 7.6.0 PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996)
16. Get processor frequency of your processor using dmidecode command
We can also get the processor frequency of the processor used in your Linux server using the following command. Here also if you have more than one processor then you may get multiple result for individual processor:
# dmidecode --string processor-frequency 2000 MHz 2000 MHz # dmidecode --string processor-frequency 2600 MHz 2600 MHz
17. Hide some information in dmidecode command output
--quiet option hides some information in the output. Unknown, inactive, and OEM -specific entries are hidden. It also does not display meta-data and handle references.
$ sudo dmidecode -q
$ sudo dmidecode --quiet
18. Dump the information as hexadecimal with dmidecode command
--dump option does not decode the table contents but dumps the contents as hexadecimal instead. The string values of each entry are displayed as both hexadecimal and ASCII. It can be helpful in debugging.
$ sudo dmidecode -u
$ sudo dmidecode --dump
19. Dump the DMI data to a file with dmidecode command
You can use this command to dump the DMI data into a file in a binary form.
$ sudo dmidecode --dump-bin filename
20. Read the data from a binary file using dmidecode command
To read the data from a binary file previously generated with
--dump-bin, you can use the following command.
$ sudo dmidecode --from-dump filename
This article presents the practical examples of
dmidecode command in a Linux system. It is a useful tool to get the system's hardware information. If you still have any confusion, please let us know in the comment section.